black manta là ai

Black Manta

Textless cover of Aquaman (Vol. 7) #12 (October 2012). Art by Ivan Reis (pencils), Joe Prado (ink) and Rod Reis (colors).

Publication information
PublisherDC Comics
First appearanceAquaman #35 (September 1967)[1]
Created byBob Haney (writer)
Nick Cardy (artist)
In-story information
Alter egoDavid Milton Hyde[2]
Team affiliations
  • Legion of Doom
  • Injustice League
  • Secret Society of Super Villains
  • Suicide Squad
  • N.E.M.O
  • O.G.R.E.
Abilities
  • Genius-level intellect[3]
  • Skilled swordsman and hand-to-hand combatant
  • High-tech weaponry and armor grants:
    • Superhuman strength and durability
    • Optic blasts
    • Artificial gills for underwater breathing

Black Manta (David Hyde) is a supervillain appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by Bob Haney and Nick Cardy, the character first appeared in Aquaman #35 (September 1967) and has since endured as the archenemy of the superhero Aquaman.

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Black Manta has had numerous origin stories throughout his comic book history, having been a young boy kidnapped and enslaved by abusive pirates on their ship; an autistic orphan subjected to tát unethical experiments in Arkham Asylum; and a high-seas treasure hunter caught in a mutual cycle of vengeance with Aquaman over the deaths of their fathers. Despite these different versions of his past, Black Manta is consistently depicted as a ruthless underwater mercenary obsessed with destroying Aquaman's life. A Đen armored suit with a large metal helmet with red eye lenses serves as Black Manta's visual motif.

The character has been adapted in various truyền thông incarnations, having been portrayed in live-action by Yahya Abdul-Mateen II in the 2018 DC Extended Universe film Aquaman and its upcoming 2023 sequel Aquaman and the Lost Kingdom. Kevin Michael Richardson, Khary Payton and others have provided the character's voice in truyền thông ranging from animation to tát Clip games.

Fictional character biography[edit]

Black Manta first revealed without his helmet in Adventure Comics #452 Art by Jim Aparo.

Black Manta had no definitive origin story until #6 of the 1993 Aquaman series. In this origin, the African American child who would become Black Manta grew up in Baltimore, Maryland, and loved to tát play by the Chesapeake Bay. In his youth, he was kidnapped and forced to tát work on a ship for an unspecified amount of time, where he was physically abused by his captors. At one point, he saw Aquaman with his dolphin friends and tried to tát signal him for help but was not seen. Finally, he was forced to tát defend himself, killing one of his tormentors on the ship with a knife.[4] Hating the emotionless sea and Aquaman, whom he saw as its representative, he was determined to tát become its master.[5]

An alternative version was given in #8 of the 2003 Aquaman series. In this origin, the boy who would become Black Manta was an autistic orphan placed in Gotham City's Arkham Asylum. He felt comfortable in freezing cold water but found cốt tông sheets excruciatingly painful. Because the attendants at Arkham did not know how to tát giảm giá with autism, they would over up restraining him to tát the bed as he struggled and screamed whenever they tried putting him to tát bed. In this version, young Black Manta was also fascinated when he saw Aquaman on television.

The boy would over up being subjected to tát experimental treatments. One treatment seemed to tát clear the boy's head, but left him violent as a result; he killed the scientist who had administered the treatment and escaped from Arkham.[1][6]

As an adult, the man who would become Black Manta designed a costume (primarily a Đen wetsuit with a bug-eyed helmet, that was able to tát shoot rays from its eyes) and fashioned a high-tech submersible inspired by manta rays. Taking the name Black Manta, he and his masked army became a formidable force, engaging in at least one unrecorded clash with Aquaman prior to tát his first appearance as a rival to tát the Ocean Master (and before joining the short-lived Injustice League in the retcon Silver Age third-week event).

His first name, David, is revealed in the 2010 Brightest Day storyline, although his last name has not been revealed.[7]

Black Manta and Aquaman battled repeatedly over the next several years. During one of these clashes,[8] it is revealed that Black Manta is actually Đen, whose stated objective at one point was for Đen people to tát dominate the ocean after having been oppressed for so sánh long on dry land; though it was soon revealed by Cal Durham, one of his more idealistic henchmen, that Manta was more obsessed with his own personal desires. During most of his appearances, his main goals are defeating Aquaman and gaining power for himself through the conquest of Atlantis. Finally, Manta kills Arthur Curry, Jr., Aquaman's son, which leaves Aquaman obsessed with revenge.[9][8]

Black Manta is later transformed into a human/manta ray hybrid by the demon Neron in exchange for his soul, though after a while he returns to tát wearing his original outfit, which covers his new appearance. At one point he engages in drug smuggling from his new base in Star City, where he is opposed by a returning Green Arrow and Aquaman.

In a later confrontation, Aquaman, sporting the Lady of the Lake's Healing Hand, reverses Neron's alterations to tát Black Manta and rewires Manta's afflicted brain, rendering him neurotypical for the first time in his life. Unfortunately, Manta remains a violent criminal, lulling Aquaman into a false sense of partnership and almost killing the Sea King in the process.

In later events, Black Manta is used as a genetic manipulation test subject to tát make water breathers. This succeeds; since then, Black Manta has returned to tát the oceans to tát face Aquaman once again.

Black Manta causes a disturbance in Sub Diego in which Captain Marley is severely injured.[10] Aquaman summons various predatory sea-life to tát attack Black Manta and leaves him for dead. It is later revealed that Black Manta was able to tát survive by generating an electric charge with his suit.

One Year Later, he overtakes Sub Diego but is forced to tát flee when King Shark bites off his face.[11]

When Aquaman dies at the over of the 2003 series, Black Manta begins working for Libra as part of the Secret Society of Super Villains. However, after Libra betrays the group and helps Darkseid conquer the Earth, Black Manta quits.

Brightest Day[edit]

In a 2011 Brightest Day storyline called "Aquawar", Black Manta has retired from his criminal ways. He has opened a fish market to tát earn an honest living. When he discovers that Aquaman has been resurrected following the over of the Blackest Night, Black Manta murders the customers in the store and burns down his shorefront house as he resumes his criminal career and vendetta against Aquaman.[12] Black Manta is seen later at the grave of Thomas Curry, Aquaman's father, where he is approached by Siren[citation needed] and her Death Squad after demolishing the tombstone. The Death Squad battles Black Manta, but before the fight continues too long, Siren stops them. She informs Black Manta that they need to tát work together to tát find his son, showing him a hard water image of Jackson Hyde.[7]

Black Manta and Siren locate Jackson and attempt to tát kill his foster father. Jackson (using his ability to tát create hard water constructs) fights back but is unable to tát stop Black Manta from shooting a trident-shaped dart at his foster father. At the last moment, Aquaman intervenes, blocking the fatal shot. Black Manta then faces his old nemesis again.[13] During the battle, Aquaman pulls Jackson and his foster father to tát safety.[14]

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In a flashback, it is revealed that Black Manta was once a treasure hunter who, along with his wife, was captured while exploring the Bermuda Triangle.[15] Their captors were the other-dimensional residents of Xebel, and the two were tortured mercilessly. The captors experimented on Black Manta's pregnant wife which gave the unborn child powers similar to tát those of the residents of Xebel.[15] Fearing the child (Jackson) would be used as a pawn in an invasion of Earth, Xebel princess Mera kidnapped the child and took him to tát Earth, where she arranged him to tát be adopted and raised far away from water to tát keep him from her people.[15] Black Manta ultimately escaped from Xebel, though his wife ultimately died.[15]

After Jackson learns the truth behind his origin, Aquaman and Jackson (now calling himself Aqualad) are ambushed by Siren and the Xebel soldiers on a California beach, where innocent citizens become caught in the crossfire. As Aquaman is about to tát strike back at Siren, Black Manta springs from the water and severs Aquaman's right hand.[16] Jackson attacks his father, berating him for siding with the people who killed his own wife, only for Black Manta to tát throw Jackson to tát the ground and coldly state that both he and his mother meant nothing to tát him. As Black Manta prepares to tát impale his son with one of his blades, Mera arrives with Aquagirl, who saves Jackson by striking Black Manta in the face. Jackson and Mera work together to tát seal Black Manta, Siren, and the rest of the invaders away in the Bermuda Triangle. Black Manta vows from within the prison to tát get his son, Jackson.[17]

The New 52[edit]

In The New 52 (a 2011 reboot of the DC Comics universe), Black Manta kills a woman named Kahina the Seer, a former teammate of Aquaman, and steals her Atlantean relic. He then vows to tát kill her entire family before getting his revenge on Aquaman.[18] A flashback shows that Aquaman created a team known as the Others (forged of six Atlantean relics from the Dead King's tomb) who are trying to tát catch Black Manta, but they fail and Black Manta escapes. Black Manta goes after Aquaman's former teammate Prisoner-of-War in Heidelberg.[19]

It is then revealed that Aquaman killed Black Manta's father by accident in retaliation for attacking Aquaman's father.[20][21] Seeking revenge, Black Manta attempted to tát kill all of Aquaman's family and friends. When Black Manta chased Prisoner-of-War, he was confronted by Aquaman in a battle.[20] During the attack, Black Manta stole one of Ya'Wara's Atlantean relics and teleported to tát Stephen Shin, Aquaman's former friend.[21] Black Manta then tasered Mera and pulled Shin to tát him to tát teleport away.

Meanwhile, the Others were reunited and discovered that there was a seventh Atlantean relic in the Dead King's tomb. Manta took Shin captive in the Dead King's tomb to tát find the seventh relic and located in the Dead King's throne.[22] Manta prepared to tát kill Shin but was thwarted when Aquaman and the Others attacked his henchmen. Black Manta killed Vostok-X and escaped with the relic scepter. After Vostok-X's death, Aquaman, through tears, swore that he would kill Manta in revenge.[23] Black Manta delivered the relic scepter to tát a mysterious Atlantean, who was revealed to tát be his employer, but the Others ambushed them and attacked. The mysterious Atlantean managed to tát grab the relic scepter and escape while Black Manta was forced to tát battle the Others, resulting in Manta and his henchmen being taken away by the authorities.[24] While in Belle Reve Prison, Black Manta refused to tát join Amanda Waller's Suicide Squad.[25]

During the Forever Evil storyline, Amanda Waller approached Black Manta again to tát join the Suicide Squad. Black Manta declined again at the same time as Deathstorm and Power Ring invade Belle Reve.[26] After hearing Amanda Waller's offer to tát join the Suicide Squad, Black Manta retrieved his equipment during Belle Reve's prison break and accepted the Secret Society's coin. At the Justice League's Watchtower, after claiming Aquaman's trident, Black Manta tossed the coin in the ocean. Black Manta took the trident to tát his father's grave stating his quest to tát kill Aquaman was over. Looking up, he witnessed Ultraman moving the moon in front of the sun resulting in the creation of massive tidal waves. The waves washed the grave of Black Manta's father away which gave him a new purpose: to tát destroy the Crime Syndicate.[27] After retrieving Black Adam's body toàn thân from the ocean, Black Manta met up with Lex Luthor, the Kryptonian clone that Lex Luthor created, and Captain Cold, where he informed them of what Ultraman's actions did to tát his father's grave. Lex Luthor realizes that with the help of his Kryptonian clone, Black Adam, Black Manta, and Captain Cold, he might be able to tát stop the Crime Syndicate.[28]

DC Rebirth[edit]

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This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to tát it. (March 2017)

The Drowning[edit]

Black Manta's first Rebirth appearance was in the one-shot Aquaman: Rebirth #1, acting as the narrator until he reveals himself at the very over. Manta later appeared in Aquaman vol. 8 #1, in which he attacks Spindrift Station, an Atlantean embassy built by Aquaman near his hometown of Amnesty Bay to tát promote relations between Atlantis and the surface. Black Manta fights with Aquaman, and even wounds him, but the fight is ended with words about how hollow and empty Black Manta's purpose in life truly is. He's eventually taken into custody by the U.S. military, but the vehicle transporting him is attacked by N.E.M.O forces.[29] A woman named Blackjack takes him to tát the organization's base in Antarctica, where he meets the Fisher King. N.E.M.O plans to tát discredit Aquaman in the eyes of the world by manipulating conflicts with the United States and other surface nations, and Black Manta decides to tát continue this mission after killing the Fisher King and claiming the title for himself.[30] In Aquaman vol. 8 #7, Manta appears at a meeting of the N.E.M.O board in Venice, Italy, where he kills those who oppose his rule as the Fisher King and commands the Shaggy Man to tát attack Atlantis. Later, Manta oversees N.E.M.O's usage of Atlantean pretender forces against the U.S, which prompts the nation to tát declare war on Atlantis.[31] After a team of American Aquamarines, super soldiers who can take on the sườn of sharks and other aquatic creatures, fails to tát assassinate Aquaman,[32] the Atlantean king attacks Black Manta on his ship in the Azores in issue #15. Rather than vãn surrender, Black Manta blows up the ship and all aboard, but Aquaman and Blackjack escape.

Rise of Aqualad/Blood of Manta[edit]

It is revealed that Manta survived the explosion, perhaps with the help of Blackjack, and has become obsessed with finding his illegitimate son Jackson Hyde, who has joined the Teen Titans.[33] Manta's desire to tát find him stems from his remembrance of a lost relic with power over the sea itself, The Black Pearl, a weapon which can bend the very oceans to tát the user's whim, which once belonged to tát a notorious Atlantean pirate who died in Xebel. Knowing only a denizen of Xebel had the map to tát its keep and only Xebelian hands could unseal it, he nearly murdered Hyde's mother to tát get to tát him.[34] With his son in tow, Manta and Jackson mix out to tát find his prize, needing his son to tát unlock the trove that the pearl was sealed in. Eventually, a clash broke out between him and the Teen Titans after achieving his goal and with it, power to tát dominate the world. He was finally bested by Aqualad, who near fatally electrocuted him before taking the pearl ring from his hand.[35]

The Society[edit]

He's later seen having joined up with The Secret Society, who've recently sent for Deathstroke due to tát previous misconduct against fellow thành viên Deadline.[36]

Powers and abilities[edit]

Black Manta possesses a keen scientific mind and is an expert in mechanical engineering. Despite being proficient in hand-to-hand combat and swordsmanship, he generally relies more on advanced technology and strategic planning than vãn direct physical confrontations.

The serum that removed Black Manta's autism also gave him some degree of enhanced strength. He uses a nigh-invulnerable armored suit that further augments his physical attributes and durability to tát superhuman levels. This armor is adapted to tát an oceanic environment, resistant to tát deep sea pressures and allows Black Manta to tát breathe underwater. It is equipped with a jet pack propulsion system that functions in or out of water, a telepathic scrambler, and an arsenal of weapons including twin swords, a hand trident, a retractable blade in the left gauntlet, a wrist-mounted speargun on the right arm, a harpoon, deployable miniaturized torpedoes, and a diving helmet that can discharge powerful optic blasts from the eye lenses. Black Manta often uses unique vehicles, such as a modified manta ray-shaped submarine, for traveling underwater.

At one point, Black Manta was transformed by the demon Neron into a human-manta ray hybrid in exchange for his soul, which allowed him to tát breathe underwater without the use of his suit. This transformation has since been undone by Aquaman.[1] For a brief time, Black Manta possessed a powerful mystical relic named "The Black Pearl", a powerful Atlantean artifact that allowed him to tát control the oceans at will.[35]

Other versions[edit]

Justice[edit]

Black Manta appeared as one of the major villains in the 2005-2006 Justice miniseries by Alex Ross and Jim Krueger as part of the Legion of Doom. This version appears to tát be based on the time period when Black Manta fought for African Americans as shown by all of his henchmen being Đen and his thành phố being completely populated by African Americans. He is first seen luring Aquaman into an ambush and controlling Aquaman's sharks into attacking him before taking Aquaman to tát Brainiac. When Lex Luthor makes his speech to tát the world to tát join him in saving it, Black Manta is one of the villains alongside him.

As the Legion begins kidnapping the people close to tát the heroes, Black Manta takes control of Garth and forces him to tát assault Mera and kidnap Aquaman's son. During the Justice League's attack on the Hall of Doom, Black Manta faces off against Aquaman for the entire battle. Black Manta is one of the few villains to tát escape the Justice League and teleport to tát his thành phố along with Aquaman's son, who follows behind him. Aquaman eventually finds Black Manta's hideout, but Black Manta's men savagely beat him in front of his son, comparing it to tát the treatment of his own people. Aquaman counters Black Manta is doing the same by using Doctor Sivana's technology to tát control his men, smashing the pack on Black Manta's suit to tát không tính tiền his henchmen from Black Manta's control. Black Manta realizes that Aquaman was right, but makes one last effort to tát kill him in desperation. He is quickly struck down by Aquaman, saying that Black Manta never really had a chance to tát begin with.

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JLA/Avengers[edit]

Black Manta appears in JLA/Avengers #4 where he is shown trapped by Plastic Man.

Flashpoint[edit]

In the alternate timeline of the Flashpoint sự kiện, Black Manta was an inmate at the Doom prison before the prison break.[37]

In other media[edit]

Television[edit]

Black Manta as depicted in Young Justice
  • Black Manta appears in the "Aquaman" segment of The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure, voiced by Ted Knight.
  • Black Manta, referred to tát simply as Manta, appears in The All-New Super Friends Hour, voiced again by Ted Knight.
  • Black Manta appears in Challenge of the Superfriends, voiced by Ted Cassidy. This version is a thành viên of the Legion of Doom.
  • A character based on Black Manta named Devil Ray appears in Justice League Unlimited, voiced by Michael Beach, as a primary thành viên of Gorilla Grodd's Secret Society. According to tát writer Dwayne McDuffie, Black Manta's name was changed because the rights to tát Aquaman characters were unavailable at the time.[38][39][40]
  • Black Manta was mix to tát appear in an Aquaman television series had the pilot episode been picked up.[39][40][41]
  • Black Manta appears in Batman: The Brave and the Bold, voiced by Kevin Michael Richardson. Additionally, an unnamed, heroic, alternate universe version makes a non-speaking cameo appearance in the episode "Deep Cover for Batman!".
  • Black Manta, referred to tát simply as Manta, appears in the Smallville episode "Prophecy".
  • Black Manta appears in Young Justice, voiced by Khary Payton. This version is initially an agent for the Light in the first season before becoming a leading thành viên in the second season. After being defeated and captured by his son Kaldur'ahm, Black Manta joins the Suicide Squad in the third season.
  • Black Manta appears in the "Animal Man" segment of DC Nation Shorts.
  • Black Manta appears in Teen Titans Go!, voiced by J. B. Smoove.[42]
  • Black Manta appears in Harley Quinn, voiced by Phil LaMarr. This version is a thành viên of the Legion of Doom.

Film[edit]

Live-action[edit]

A mannequin of the Black Manta costume worn by Yahya Abdul-Mateen II in Aquaman (2018)

Black Manta appears in films mix in the DC Extended Universe (DCEU), portrayed by Yahya Abdul-Mateen II.[43] This version is David Kane,[44] a pirate whose grandfather served as a frogman in the U.S. Navy during World War II under the codename "Manta".[45]

  • Kane first appears in Aquaman (2018).[46] He and his father Jesse (portrayed by Michael Beach) are hired by King Orm Marius of Atlantis to tát hijack a Russian submarine. After Arthur Curry intervenes, Jesse is killed in the ensuing battle, causing Kane to tát swear vengeance against Arthur. Using advanced Atlantean armor and weaponry provided by Orm, Kane rechristens himself as "Black Manta" and attacks Arthur in Sicily, Italy, but is ultimately defeated and thrown off a cliff. In a mid-credits scene, he is rescued by Dr. Stephen Shin and agrees to tát lead him to tát Atlantis in exchange for his help in getting revenge on Arthur.
  • Kane will return in Aquaman and the Lost Kingdom (2023).[47]
  • In 2019, Warner Bros. announced a horror-themed Aquaman spin-off focusing on the Trench. Aquaman producer and director Peter Safran and James Wan respectively were mix to tát produce, with Noah Gardner and Aidan Fitzgerald writing the script. The film was planned to tát have a lower production budget than vãn other DCEU films and was expected to tát be released before Aquaman and the Lost Kingdom. In April 2021, the project was canceled, though Warner Bros. said that it may be revived in the future. In October, Wan revealed that The Trench film was a misdirect and that the spin-off was secretly a Black Manta film.[48][49][50][51]

Animation[edit]

  • Black Manta makes a cameo appearance in Justice League: The New Frontier.
  • Black Manta makes a cameo appearance in Superman/Batman: Public Enemies.
  • The Flashpoint incarnation of Black Manta makes a non-speaking appearance in Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox as one of Aquaman's enforcers until he is killed by Batman and Grifter.
  • Black Manta appears in JLA Adventures: Trapped in Time, voiced again by Kevin Michael Richardson.
  • Black Manta appears in Lego DC Comics: Batman Be-Leaguered, voiced again by Richardson.[52]
  • Black Manta appears in Justice League: Throne of Atlantis, voiced by Harry Lennix.[53]
  • Black Manta appears in Lego DC Comics Super Heroes: Justice League: Attack of the Legion of Doom, voiced again by Richardson.
  • Black Manta appears in Suicide Squad: Hell to tát Pay, voiced by Dave Fennoy. This version previously worked with the Suicide Squad.
  • Black Manta makes a non-speaking appearance in Justice League Dark: Apokolips War as a thành viên of the Suicide Squad.

Video games[edit]

  • Black Manta appears as an unlockable character in Aquaman: Battle for Atlantis.
  • Black Manta appears as a quấn in Young Justice: Legacy, voiced again by Khary Payton.
  • Black Manta appears as a quấn in DC Universe Online.
  • Black Manta appears as a playable character in DC Unchained.
  • Black Manta appears in Injustice 2, voiced by Kane Jungbluth-Murry. He was initially a non-player character (NPC) appearing in the Atlantis stage before becoming a playable character via downloadable nội dung.[54][55]
  • Black Manta appears as a playable character in Fortnite.

Lego[edit]

  • Black Manta appears as a playable character in Lego Batman 2: DC Super Heroes.[56]
  • Black Manta appears as a playable character in Lego Batman 3: Beyond Gotham, voiced by Fred Tatasciore.
  • Black Manta appears as a playable character in Lego DC Super-Villains, voiced again by Tatasciore.

Miscellaneous[edit]

  • Black Manta appears in Justice League Unlimited #26.
  • Black Manta appears in The Aquaman & Friends kích hoạt Hour.

Parodies[edit]

  • A parody of Black Manta called Black Eel appears in the Duck Dodgers episode "Till Doom Do Us Part", voiced by Jim Cummings.
  • Black Manta appears in the Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law episode "Peanut Puberty".
  • Black Manta appears in Robot Chicken, voiced by Tom Kane in the episode "But Not In That Way", Neil Patrick Harris in Robot Chicken DC Comics Special, and Seth Green in Robot Chicken DC Comics Special 2: Villains in Paradise. This version is a thành viên of the Legion of Doom.
  • Black Manta appears in the Family Guy episode "It Takes a Village Idiot, and I Married One" as a thành viên of the Legion of Doom.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Greenberger, Robert (2008). "Black Manta". In Dougall, Alastair (ed.). The DC Comics Encyclopedia. London: Dorling Kindersley. p. 52. ISBN 978-0-7566-4119-1.
  2. ^ Aquaman (Volume 8) #62
  3. ^ Gonzalez, Lissete (19 December 2018). "Aquaman: Black Manta's Strange and Violent History". DC. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  4. ^ Cowsill, Alan; Irvine, Alex; Korte, Steve; Manning, Matt; Wiacek, Win; Wilson, Sven (2016). The DC Comics Encyclopedia: The Definitive Guide to tát the Characters of the DC Universe. DK Publishing. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-4654-5357-0.
  5. ^ Aquaman vol. 4 #6, 1993, DC Comics, writer Shaun McLaughlin
  6. ^ Aquaman vol. 6 #8, 2003, DC Comics, writer Rick Veitch
  7. ^ a b Brightest Day #9 (September 2010)
  8. ^ a b Adventure Comics #452 1977
  9. ^ Cowsill, Alan; Irvine, Alex; Manning, Matthew K.; McAvennie, Michael; Wallace, Daniel (2019). DC Comics Year By Year: A Visual Chronicle. DK Publishing. p. 118. ISBN 978-1-4654-8578-6.
  10. ^ Aquaman vol. 4 #39
  11. ^ Aquaman: Sword of Atlantis #52–53 (July–August 2007)
  12. ^ Brightest Day #1 (May 2010)
  13. ^ Brightest Day #10 (September 2010)
  14. ^ Brightest Day #11 (October 2010)
  15. ^ a b c d Brightest Day #16 (December 2010)
  16. ^ Brightest Day #19 (February 2011)
  17. ^ Brightest Day #20 (February 2011)
  18. ^ Aquaman vol. 7 #7 (March 2012)
  19. ^ Aquaman vol. 7 #8 (April 2012)
  20. ^ a b Aquaman vol. 7 #9 (May 2012)
  21. ^ a b Aquaman vol. 7 #10 (June 2012)
  22. ^ Aquaman vol. 7 #11 (July 2012)
  23. ^ Aquaman vol. 7 #12 (August 2012)
  24. ^ Aquaman vol. 7 #13 (October 2012)
  25. ^ Aquaman vol. 7 #14 (November 2012)
  26. ^ Forever Evil #1
  27. ^ Aquaman vol. 7 #23.1
  28. ^ Forever Evil #3
  29. ^ Aquaman #2.
  30. ^ Aquaman #6.
  31. ^ Aquaman #11.
  32. ^ Aquaman #14.
  33. ^ Teen Titans #7.
  34. ^ Teen Titans #9-10.
  35. ^ a b Teen Titans #11.
  36. ^ Deathstroke (2016 'Rebirth' series) #23-24.
  37. ^ Flashpoint: Legion of Doom #2 (July 2011)
  38. ^ "Justice League - TWoP Forums". Forums.televisionwithoutpity.com. 2005-09-24. Archived from the original on 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2010-12-26.
  39. ^ a b "Aquaman TV Pilot: Mercy Reef: The Cast". AquamanTV. Archived from the original on May 15, 2007. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
  40. ^ a b Michael Schneider (February trăng tròn, 2006). "Fox hunts down 'Bounty' comedy". Variety. Retrieved October 21, 2006.
  41. ^ "Aquaman | Ving Rhames is Black Manta!". Archived from the original on 2017-09-04. Retrieved 2017-09-03.
  42. ^ Milligan, Mercedes (May 11, 2022). "Sneak Peek: Aquaman & Black Manta Make a Splash on 'Teen Titans Go!'". Animation Magazine. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  43. ^ Kit, Borys (31 January 2017). "'Aquaman' Finds Its Black Manta Villain With 'Get Down' Actor (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  44. ^ Hibberd, James (14 June 2018). "Aquaman exclusive: First look at Black Manta". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  45. ^ "Aquaman Villain Black Manta Is the Hero of His Own Story". CBR. 2018-12-28. Retrieved 2020-09-14.
  46. ^ Anderson, Jenna (9 October 2018). "Aquaman exclusive: First look at Black Manta". Comicbook.com. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  47. ^ Hibberd, James (December 8, 2019). "'Watchmen' Dr. Manhattan actor on his big twist, epic romance, and nude scene". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on December 21, 2019. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  48. ^ Kit, Borys (February 8, 2019). "'Aquaman' Spinoff "The Trench" in the Works (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  49. ^ Kizu, Kyle (March 5, 2019). "'Aquaman' Producer on Spinoff and the Wait for a Sequel". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  50. ^ Couch, Aaron; Kit, Borys (April 1, 2021). "Ava DuVernay's "New Gods", James Wan's "The Trench" DC Movies Not Moving Forward at Warner Bros. (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 9, 2021. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  51. ^ Hussaini, Syed Fahadullah (October 25, 2021). "Canceled Aquaman Spinoff Was A Secret Black Manta Movie Reveals James Wan". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on October 25, 2021. Retrieved October 25, 2021.
  52. ^ Kevin Michael Richardson at Behind the Voice Actors
  53. ^ Tucker, James [@JTuckerAnimator] (February 1, 2015). "@DelpBoy09 I always thought manta survived but he'll be scarred when he returns..." (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  54. ^ Guerrero, John (11 June 2016). "Injustice 2 gameplay trailer sees Atrocitus, Gorilla Grodd, and more in action; Black Manta shown". EventHubs. Retrieved 2016-06-11.
  55. ^ "Black Manta leaked as an Injustice 2 DLC character by Xbox Live Marketplace – Shoryuken". Archived from the original on 2021-02-16. Retrieved 2017-07-21.
  56. ^ Evan Narcisse. (22 May 2012). "Nightwing, Bizarro And Zatanna Playable With Lego Batman 2 Pre-Order DLC" Kotaku

External links[edit]

  • World of Black Heroes: Black Manta Biography
  • Biography of Black Manta
  • Black Manta's profile A humorous and cynical analysis of Black Manta's character in the Super-Friends cartoon
  • Alan Kistler's Profile On Aquaman
  • Black Manta on DC Database, a DC Comics wiki
  • Bio for Devil Ray